by Roy Kinkaid, Quality Consultant
Basic Quality Tools
The question I have been pondering for many years now is – why in the year 2016 are there still organizations that do not use the basic quality tools to drive improvement and impact the bottom line? ASQ describes the 7 basic quality tools as: cause and effect diagram (also known as Ishikawa or fishbone diagrams) check sheets, control charts, histograms, Pareto charts, scatter diagram, and stratification of data for trends. The companies I am referring to are small to medium size companies of less than 500 employees.
The company can be a manufacturing, service or non-profit. The operating philosophy is, get an order, produce and order, ship an order, and invoice the customer. Receive a request for service, deliver the service, and invoice the customer. If the customer complains they will react as needed. They can be owned by a larger company – with only financial reporting to the larger organization (sales, costs, P&L, etc.).
The company is financially successful. They understand budgeting, cost cutting and profit and loss. Financial data abounds. Process data – not so much! They often have a Balanced Scorecard – most measures are financial (someone read a book and decided it was the thing to have).
When asked if they have process data, or know how their key processes (or can identify their key processes) are performing – which leads to financial results, the response is a quizzical look. Monthly management meetings consist of reviewing the numbers. Reaction typically is this month’s number in relation to last month’s number. Trend charts are not utilized (as Deming said “plot the dots”).
Quality the Program
When asked about quality they understand the word, and identify themselves as a quality company – who would say otherwise?
They relate being a quality company to being certified to an industry or quality standard (e.g. ISO) as required by the customers or by the industry sector they operate in.
Someone in the organization has quality in their title. Responsibilities can cover a wide range: vendor quality, process quality, final quality (service, product), registrations, certifications, audits, and response to customer complaints. Said person can also be responsible for other functions (e.g. safety). They may have a quality certification – CQE, CQA, Certified ISO Auditor, Certified Quality Manager or Lean/Six Sigma Certification. However the basics tools of quality are not being used to the advantage of the organization (there is no lack of knowledge). There are no identifiable process improvement projects underway (there is more to quality than maintaining certifications and passing audits) or process performance measures (trend charts for key processes). They have not implemented Cost of Quality, identified non-value added activities and waste (Lean) as part of the quality effort (to quote Deming again “defects are not free, someone gets paid to make them”).
They react to customer complaints – apologize and pacify the customer. No root cause analysis is performed to eliminate the cause and prevent reoccurrence. A Pareto has not been used to stratify complaints and drive improvement. Customer satisfaction surveys are not performed on a routine basis. If surveys have been performed they have been performed unsuccessfully (low response rate).
The Basic of Quality – the Tools and Process Improvement
When the basic quality tools are mentioned and their application to process improvement (again where are the trend charts?), the response from management can be: we are successful, we are certified to a quality standard, we are a small company, that doesn’t apply to us.
I have often used the phrase – ‘they don’t know what they don’t know and don’t seem to want to know it’. In the year 2016 organizations still do not use some or all of the basic quality tools. 7 basic quality tools include cause and effect diagram (also known as Ishikawa or fishbone diagrams) check sheets, control charts, histograms, Pareto charts, scatter diagram, and stratification of data for trends. I have worked companies where trend/run charts are a foreign concept, not to mention the use of statistical process control charting. And they are not aware how the quality tools can be used to improve processes and have an impact on the bottom line.
So, the question is – how do we, the quality profession, make companies, (management) aware of the world of the basic quality tools (one last time, how about trend charts at a management meeting) to bridge the knowledge gap and the benefits of applying the tools? Training/workshops are available through our ASQ Philadelphia 0505 Section. Check our web site for the schedule. And remember ASQ training – it’s not just for quality professionals only – management can and will benefit – so please invite them! It’s the “quality” thing to do!
Roy Kinkaid is an independent quality consultant (25+ years of experience) with an extensive background in the implementation of various quality management systems – Six Sigma, Baldridge, Continuous Improvement, ISO and the Carnegie Mellon Capability Maturity Model. Roy has a degree in management/ statistics from Philadelphia University, certification in Six Sigma, and is a member of ASQ, the SEI, and IEEE Software Society. He has practical process improvement experience in manufacturing, service, software, and electronic commerce industries, helping companies to achieve six sigma quality performance levels. In addition Roy has hands on experience with change management, coaching and the facilitation skills necessary to implement a quality program. He has extensive experience working in Europe, the UK and Asia.